The British then helped Saadat Ali Khan take the throne.

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Under their dominion, music and dance flourished, and construction of numerous monuments took place.

Of the monuments standing today, the Bara Imambara, the Chota Imambara, and the Rumi Darwaza are notable examples.

The legend states that Lakshmana had a palace or an estate in the area, which was called Lakshmanapuri (Sanskrit: लक्ष्मणपुरी, lit. However, the Dalit movement believes that Lakhan Pasi, a dalit ruler, was the settler of the city and is named after him.

The settlement came to be known as Lakhanpur (or Lachhmanpur) by the 11th century, and later, Lucknow.

By the mid-nineteenth century, however, the British had grown impatient with the arrangement and demanded direct control over Awadh.

In 1856 the East India Company first moved its troops to the border, then annexed the state for alleged maladministration.

For about eighty-four years (from 1394 to 1478), Awadh was part of the Sharqi Sultanate of Jaunpur.

Emperor Humayun made it a part of the Mughal Empire around 1555.

From 1350 onwards, Lucknow and parts of the Awadh region were ruled by the Delhi Sultanate, Sharqi Sultanate, Mughal Empire, Nawabs of Awadh, the British East India Company and the British Raj.

Lucknow was one of the major centres of the Indian Rebellion of 1857 and actively participated in India's independence movement, emerging as a strategically important North Indian city.

Bounded on the east by Barabanki, on the west by Unnao, on the south by Raebareli and in the north by Sitapur and Hardoi, Lucknow sits on the northwestern shore of the Gomti River.