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During the Roman period, Roman roads passed close to what is now the centre of Preston.
Various other spellings occur in early documents: "Prestonam" (1094), "Prestone" (1160), "Prestona" (1160), "Presteton" (1180), and "Prestun" (1226).
The modern spelling occurs in 1094, 1176, 1196, 12.
Flemish weavers who settled in the area in the 14th century helped develop the industry.
In the early-18th century, Edmund Calamy described Preston as "a pretty town with an abundance of gentry in it, commonly called Proud Preston".
The district obtained city status in 2002, becoming England's 50th city in the 50th year of Queen Elizabeth II's reign. Preston and its surrounding area have provided evidence of ancient Roman activity, largely in the form of a Roman road which led to a camp at Walton-le-Dale.
The Angles established Preston; its name is derived from the Old English meaning "priest's settlement" and in the Domesday Book is recorded as "Prestune".RESIDENTS are demanding a solution to three years of rail construction traffic which has brought them to the end of their tether.They claim railway workers are using residential streets in Farnworth as an access point for a Network Rail electrification hub off St Peter’s Way 24 hours a day.Sir Richard Arkwright, inventor of the spinning frame, was born in the town.The most rapid period of growth and development coincided with the industrialisation and expansion of textile manufacturing.Preston is the seat of Lancashire County Council, houses the main campus of the University of Central Lancashire (UCLan) and is home to Preston North End F.