The city had a labor shortage until large waves of immigration by Irish and Germans in the late 1840s.

Settled 1788, the city is located on the north side of the confluence of the Licking with the Ohio River.

With a population of 298,800, Cincinnati is the third-largest City in Ohio and the 65th-largest city in the United States.

Construction on the Miami and Erie Canal began on July 21, 1825, when it was called the Miami Canal, related to its origin at the Great Miami River.

The first section of the canal was opened for business in 1827.

In 1880, the city government completed the Cincinnati Southern Railway to Chattanooga, Tennessee.

It is the only municipality-owned interstate railway in the United States.

Cincinnati is home to two major sports clubs, the Cincinnati Reds, the oldest team in Major League Baseball, and the Cincinnati Bengals of the National Football League.

The University of Cincinnati, founded in 1819, is one of the 50 largest in the United States. In the late 1800s, Cincinnati was commonly referred to as "Paris of America", due mainly to such ambitious architectural projects as the Music Hall, Cincinnatian Hotel, and Shillito Department Store.

It has the fastest growing economic power of the Midwestern United States and 28th-biggest metropolitan statistical area in the United States, the biggest in Ohio.