This value has remained almost constant for the past three decades, since Gallup originally started asking the question.

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Scientists further believe that the earth's crust solidified about 3.9 billion years ago.

Parts of the universe itself are much older, dating back to the big bang, some 13.7 billion years ago.

Unfortunately, Ussher gets most of the credit; Lightfoot's contribution is rarely cited.

This would make the time interval between the creation of the world and a common estimate of the birth of Christ (4 to 7 BCE) to be close to 4000 years.

However, in 1738, De Vignoles stated that he had found no fewer than 200 estimates of the date of creation, all based upon various diverse interpretations of the Bible.

Belief in a "young Earth" continued among scientists, until the early 18th century, when it became obvious to most researchers that geological processes were exceedingly slow, and must have been accomplished over incredibly long periods of time. A hundred years later, investigators studying Egyptian found that "Most scientific estimates of the Earth's age, based on actual measurements and calculations, are clustered around 4.5 billion years.Setting aside the question of whether vast time is competent to propel evolution, we must query if vast time is indeed available." John Morris wrote: "The real key, however, for resolving the creation/evolution controversy is in a study of the age of the earth.Evolution demands long periods of time, but if the earth is much younger, as the Bible teaches, then evolution is even more foolish." Gallup released a survey in 2012-JUN showing that 46% of American adults believe that God created humans in their present form less than 10 millennia ago.The earliest event in the Bible that can be dated with reasonable certainty is the beginning of Saul's reign as the first king of Israel.It is generally believed to have occurred about 1020 BCE, at a time when Egypt and Assyria were weakened and the Israelites were able to assert domination over their own territory.A younger universe would make Evolution impossible." Author R. Wysong wrote: "Both evolutionists and creationists believe evolution is an impossibility if the universe is only a few thousand years old.