This type of excavation is undertaken to establish a chronological sequence, normally covering a limited area.CATEGORY: structure DEFINITION: A place where monks or nuns live, work, and worship.

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This excavation layout is designed to investigate a large area for a modest outlay of effort.

It has the disadvantage that no longitudinal section is available for study, only transverse ones, and that the site can never be seen in its entirety.

It is the excavation of as large an area as possible without the intervention of balks and a grid system.

This technique allows the recognition of much slighter traces of ancient structures than other methods.

Excavation is digging or related types of salvage work, scientifically controlled so as to yield the maximum amount of data. The excavation of a site, however, involves the destruction of the primary evidence, which can never be recovered.

Excavation should therefore never be undertaken lightly or without an understanding of the obligations of the excavator to the evidence he destroys.

Prior to the 10th century, monasteries were the principal artistic, economic, and educational centers of the Christian world.

An abbey was the complex of buildings which served the needs of these self-contained religious communities.

SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: horizontal (area) excavation CATEGORY: technique DEFINITION: The excavation of a site to reveal its horizontal extent.