Well, if carbon-14 can decay into nitrogen-14 and other stuff, then we can create carbon-14 by combining nitrogen-14 with the proper stuff.In this case, that happens to be a neutron, which allows us to do this: (a.k.a., carbon dioxide) and mixing throughout the atmosphere and oceans, easily making its way into living organisms into a well-understood equilibrium.

radioactive dating and carbon 14 and nitrogen 14-73radioactive dating and carbon 14 and nitrogen 14-21radioactive dating and carbon 14 and nitrogen 14-26

From across the galaxy and across the Universe, from stars (including our Sun), pulsars, black holes and more, space is flooded with high-energy particles known as cosmic rays.

Most frequently, cosmic rays are protons, but a handful are heavier ions and a few are even humble electrons.

But that doesn’t seem likely; there is data from North American and European trees that this is consistent with!

If this confirmed, then there was very likely an extremely large increase in cosmic radiation over a very short period of time, the likes of which we’ve never seen or recorded, until now.

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About 1.1% of all carbon is Carbon-13, with one extra neutron.

But there is another form of carbon that, while not at all abundant, is definitely worth talking about.

Carbon dating is used to determine the age of biological artifacts up to 50,000 years old.