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The eighteen names for the months (in the order: Pop, Uo, Zip …) are: , meaning “nameless”. The sequence of days from the first day of the year to the last thus runs as follows: For most of Maya history the first day of Pop was denoted by 0 Pop and the last by 19 Pop.
However, on the eve of the Spanish conquest the first day of Pop began to be numbered 1, and the last day 20 (except for Uayeb), so that the year began with 1 Pop and ended with 5 Uayeb.
This is regarded as a number of days counted forward from a certain day in the past. The Mayas had names for periods consisting of 20 days, 360 days, 7,200 days, etc., in accord with their modified vigesimal system of counting days. In this view, 13 baktuns make up a great cycle or, Maya era, of 13*144,000 = 1,872,000 days (approximately 5125.37 solar years). Later on we will explore why this calendar of 260 days was consider divine and sacred.
A day is known as a The numbers at the five places in the long count are thus counts of baktuns, etc., as follows: baktuns . Among the living Maya the 260-day calendar has various roles: Mayan Civil Calendar – Haab dates The Mayas also maintained a so-called “civil” calendar, called the “haab”.
(This may have been due to the fact that 360 is close to the length of the year in days.) The value of higher places continued regularly with 7,200 (20x18x20), 144,000 (20x20x18x20), etc.
In such a system: .14.15 = 11x20x20x18x20 12x20x18x20 13x18x20 14×20 15×1 = 11×144,000 12×7,200 13×360 14×20 15 = 1,675,375.
The ancient Mayan Pyramid of Kukulkan at Chichén Itzá, Yucatan, Mexico constructed circa 1050 was built during the late Mayan period, The pyramid was used as a calendar: four stairways, each with 91 steps and a platform at the top, making a total of 365, equivalent to the number of days in a calendar year.
The Maya calendar was adopted by the other Mesoamerican nations, such as the Aztecs and the Toltec, which adopted the mechanics of the calendar unaltered but changed the names of the days of the week and the months.
The Mayan Calendar speaks of human consciousness and earth evolution, within a pattern of energy shifts within cycles of nature.
Like the Hindu calendar it measures periods of higher consciousness, and periods of lower consciousness, all related to our Universal electromagnetism and Solar activity. What if we align ourselves with our cosmic affluence and accept once and for all that we are part of the Cosmos and as such, we are also cosmic bodies governed by the same natural laws that govern everything in the Universe.
For the Mayas these two cycles ran together and concurrently, as shown by the following sequence of days: Since 260 = 4x5x13 and 365 = 5×73, the earliest that a tzolkin/haab date combination repeat is after 4x5x13x73 = 18,980 days, or just short of 52 solar years.
This cycle of 18,980 days is called the Maya calendar round.
The five days remaining at year’s end were considered evil.