Prevention strategies at this level are often designed to promote attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors that ultimately prevent violence.

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The problem with neediness is that instead of inspiring all of those positive relationship qualities, the “needy person” acts as if their partner is denying them those good relationship qualities…

like they’re entitled to them and their partner is cruelly withholding it.

It allows us to understand the range of factors that put people at risk for violence or protect them from experiencing or perpetrating violence.

The overlapping rings in the model illustrate how factors at one level influence factors at another level.

Prevention requires understanding the factors that influence violence.

CDC uses a four-level social-ecological model to better understand violence and the effect of potential prevention strategies.¹ This model considers the complex interplay between individual, relationship, community, and societal factors.

Much of the foundational research in this area has been referred to as Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs).

Adverse Childhood Experiences have been linked to As the number of ACEs increases, so does the risk for these outcomes.

When I write dating tips and relationship advice for a new mode, I am writing to a female audience.

But neediness is not gender-specific – guys make the mistake of being “needy” too!

Besides helping to clarifying these factors, the model also suggests that in order to prevent violence, it is necessary to act across multiple levels of the model at the same time.