In 1130, the Jews were fined 2,000 pounds on the charge that a Jew had killed a sick man.

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Another influential English figure was Henry I (1100-1135) who granted the Jews a charter of liberties.

Jews still faced persecution and were not fully protected by the Crown.

Led by Richard Malebys, a noble indebted to the Jews, the mob besieged the castle.

The Jews had little rations and many killed themselves.

In March 1190, a mix of Crusaders, barons indebted to the Jews, those envious of Jewish wealth and clergymen conspired to kill the Jews of York.

They burned several houses and approximately 150 Jews fled to the royal castle in York.

The situation worsened in July 1189 when King Henry II, a protector of the Jews, died.

Richard I was crowned his heir and he refused to grant Jewish representative admission to Westminster Abbey, when they came to offer him gifts.

Despite the Jews financial contribution, the pro-Christian ideology of the Crusade resulted in rioting in England and some Jewish businesses in London were burned.