It was lighter in weight than that used by other nations.

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The frontal centre of gravity suggests that these pole weapons were used as javelins.

A fossilized horse shoulder blade with a projectile wound, dated to 500,000 years ago, was revealed in a gravel quarry in the village of Boxgrove, England.

The first known names were Noviomagus and Civitas Nemetum, after the Teutonic tribe, Nemetes, settled in the area.

The name Spira is first recorded in the 7th century, taken from villa Spira, a Frankish settlement situated outside of Civitas Nemetum.

Focusing on gymnastics to gain strength, hardiness and endurance in childhood, they learned to throw the javelin – along with practicing archery and the battle-axe – when they grew older, before entering a specific regiment.

Javelins were carried by Egyptian light infantry, as a main weapon, and as an alternative to a spear or a bow and arrow, generally along with a shield.

He decided to ambush it with his force of peltasts.

By launching repeated hit-and-run attacks against the Spartan formation, Iphicrates and his men were able to wear the Spartans down, eventually routing them and killing just under half.

They also carried a curved sword, a club or a hatchet as a side-arm.

The peltasts, usually serving as skirmishers, were armed with several javelins, often with throwing straps to increase stand-off power.

The word javelot probably originated from one of the Celtic languages.