This referendum can be held at any time as there is no deadline by which the funds have to be used.

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The commission's May 2016 report states: "With academics from the University of Guam, [the Commission] was working to create and approve educational materials.

The Office of the Governor was collaborating closely with the Commission" in developing educational materials for the public. 43 of The Federalist Papers, James Madison considered the implications of the definition of the "seat of government" found in the United States Constitution.

The "51st state", in post-1959 American political discourse, is a phrase that refers to areas or locales that are – seriously or facetiously – considered candidates for U. statehood, joining the 50 states that presently compose the United States.

The phrase has been applied to external territories as well as parts of existing states which would be admitted as separate states in their own right. It can also be used in a pejorative sense, meaning an area or region is perceived to be under excessive American cultural or military influence or control.

In 2016, Governor Eddie Calvo planned a decolonization referendum that the indigenous Chamorro people of Guam would solely participate in, in which the three options would be given, including statehood, independence, and free association.

However, this referendum for the Chamorro people was struck down by a federal judge on the grounds of racial discrimination. The Governor hopes for a decolonization plebiscite to occur in 2018.

Upon acceptance of that constitution, by the people of the territory and then by Congress, would adopt a joint resolution granting statehood and the President would issue a proclamation announcing that a new state has been added to the Union. The island is under the jurisdiction of the Territorial Clause of the U. Constitution, which has led to doubts about the finality of the Commonwealth status for Puerto Rico.

While Congress, which has ultimate authority over the admission of new states, has usually followed this procedure, there have been occasions (due to unique case-specific circumstances) where it did not. In addition, all people born in Puerto Rico become citizens of the U. at birth (under provisions of the Jones–Shafroth Act in 1917), but citizens residing in Puerto Rico cannot vote for the President of the United States nor for full members of either house of Congress. 2499) was approved on April 29, 2010, by the United States House of Representatives (223–169), but was not approved by the Senate before the end of the 111th Congress.

If the majority voted for Independence/Free Association, a second vote would have been held to determine the preference: full independence as a nation or associated free state status with independence but with a "free and voluntary political association" between Puerto Rico and the United States. That document might cover topics such as the role of the US military in Puerto Rico, the use of the U. currency, free trade between the two entities, and whether Puerto Ricans would be U. Regardless of the outcome of the referendum or the bill on drafting a constitution, action by Congress would be necessary to implement changes to the status of Puerto Rico under the Territorial Clause of the United States Constitution. Guam (formally the Territory of Guam) is an unincorporated and organized territory of the United States. Governor Eddie Baza Calvo intended to include one during the island's November 2016 elections but it was delayed again. In 2013, the Commission began seeking funding to start a public education campaign.

The specifics of the association agreement would be detailed in the Compact of Free Association that would be negotiated between the U. If the majority of Puerto Ricans were to choose the Free Association option – and only 33% voted for it in 2012 – and if it were granted by the US Congress, Puerto Rico would become a Free Associated State, a virtually independent nation. This could give Puerto Rico a similar status to Micronesia, the Marshall Islands, and Palau, countries which currently have a Compact of Free Association with the United States. Located in the western Pacific Ocean, Guam is one of five American territories with an established civilian government. A Commission on Decolonization was established in 1997 to educate the people of Guam about the various political status options in its relationship with the U. There were few subsequent developments until late 2016.

The group is also expected to release position papers on independence and statehood but the contents have not yet been completed.