While in use since the early 1880s as a national anthem on a de facto basis, and the words to the anthem are from the tenth century or earlier, making “Kimigayo” the oldest national anthem in that sense, the government only officially adopted the anthem in 1999.The government presented its interpretation of the meaning of the anthem “Kimigayo” in the Diet during the deliberation of a bill to codify the country’s national flag and anthem.From very early times, the poem was recited to commemorate auspicious occasions and at banquets celebrating important events.

Fenton put his own music to the “Kimigayo” words selected by Oyama, and the first “Kimigayo” anthem was the result.

The melody was, however, completely different from the one known today.

A new BBC drama of Jamaica Inn was broadcast at Easter 2014.

This historic coaching house has welcomed weary travellers crossing Bodmin Moor for nearly 300 years.

It is the perfect base for exploring the moor and, being close to the Cornwall and Devon border, it is also a great base for visiting almost anywhere in either county and still be back in time for dinner.

Come along to the moors of Bodmin and enjoy a chance to increase your business network with this breakfast.The anthem first appeared in a book of military bugle calls dating from 1761, known as the “Marcha Granadera”. Researchers have claimed that it originated in parts of Europe outside Spain (such as France and Germany), and indeed the music is not typical of Spanish music.In 1770 King Carlos III declared it as the official “honour march”, and was played at events attended by the royal family. In 1870, there was a contest held to have a new national anthem, but no winner was declared and the “Marcha Real” (as it is commonly known) remained as Spain’s anthem.In July 1880, four persons were named to a committee to revise the music.They were Naval Band director Nakamura Yusuke; Army Band director Yotsumoto Yoshitoyo; the court director of gagaku (Japanese court music) performances, Hayashi Hiromori; and a German instructor under contract with the navy, Franz Eckert.There have been many attempts to compose lyrics for the anthem; one set of lyrics by Eduardo Marquina was often heard during the reign of Alphons XIII (1886-1931), and lyrics which were common during Franco’s dictatorship (1939-1975); neither of these were official in their respective time periods, and have not been made official since then, due to their association with the dictatorships of Primo de Rivera and Franco respectively.