He distinguishes four general types of transitions: 1) transformations (as in Spain, India, Hungary, and Brazil) where the elites in power took the lead in bringing about democracy; 2) replacements (as in East Germany, Portugal, Romania, and Argentina) where opposition groups took the lead in bringing about democracy; 3) transplacements (as in Poland, Czechoslovakia, Bolivia, and Nicaragua) where democratization occurred from joint action by government and opposition groups; and 4) interventions (as in Grenada and Panama) where democratic institutions were imposed by an outside power.Huntington also discusses various aspects of democratic stabilization and the prospects of consolidation in fledgling third wave democracies.Rejecting theories that posit preconditions for democracy—and thus dismiss its prospects in poor countries— Diamond argues ...

consolidating the third wave democracies-67

In this wide-ranging and influential study, Samuel Huntington analyzes the transition of some thirty-five countries, mainly in Asia and Latin America, from nondemocratic to democratic political systems during the 1970s and 1980s.

He refers to the widespread international push toward democracy during this period as the "third wave" (not to be confused with Alvin Toffler's "third wave" which became the byword of people like Newt Gingrich in the 1990s).

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An in-depth analysis of the struggle to consolidate new and fragile democracies -- available in hardcover or two paperback volumes for course use.

The first paperback volume, Themes and Perspectives, addresses issues of institutional design, civil-military relations, civil society, and economic development. Linz, Guillermo O'Donnell, Adam Przeworski, Philippe C. The second paperback volume, Regional Challenges, focuses on developments in Southern Europe, Latin America, Russia, and East Asia, particularly Taiwan and China. Plattner, counselor at the National Endowment for Democracy, are codirectors of the International Forum for Democratic Studies.

It brings together some of the world's foremost scholars of democratization, including Robert A. It contains essays by leading regional experts, including Yun-han Chu, P. They are also coeditors of the Journal of Democracy.

Larry Diamond, senior fellow at the Hoover Institution, and Marc F.

Plattner, counselor at the National Endowment for Democracy, are codirectors of the International Forum for Democratic Studies.

The strengths of this book are not in helping us chart our way into an uncertain future (there is a role for such books).