Twenty-seven children were baptized and fifteen men enlisted for instruction.Fathers Jos Rumualdo Gutirrez and Jos Antonio Calzada were selected as the first resident priests, and by the end of 1804 the Baptismal Register already contained the names of 112 Indian converts of all ages.Father Estvan Tpis, who had become superior of the missions following the death of Father Lasun in 1803, had every reason to expect a prosperous future for the mission.

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As historian Maynard Geiger described it, "This was to be a cooperative effort, imperial in origin, protective in purpose, but primarily spiritual in execution." The Spanish explorers and Missionaries were quite taken with the Indians of the Santa Barbara Channel region - the Chumash.

The peaceful natives impressed the explorers with their friendliness, hospitality, creative abilities, and talents.

The Indians gathered and leached acorns, and they also harvested nuts, seeds, and berries.

They were skilled fishermen and enjoyed a variety of sea food, and they hunted animals as well.

Sixty years later Sebastian Viscaino named the channel in honor of Saint Barbara when he sailed in on the eve of the feast of St. In the following century, Franciscan Missionaries joined the Spanish military in settling alta or upper California with the goal of a political and spiritual conquest of the new land.

The Spanish Missionary effort was to educate and convert the Indians to the Christian faith.

Nineteenth Mission Date Founded: September 17, 1804 Founder: Father Estvan Tpis Named for: Saint Agnes Location: 1760 Mission Drive, P. Box 408 Solvang, CA 93464 Directions From US 101, take the Solvang exit at Buellton (SR 246) east 4 miles to Mission Santa Ins, just beyond downtown Solvang.

Contact Information: Phone: (805) 688-4815 Fax: (805) 686-4468 Linea en espaol: (805) 688-6763 Portuguese navigator Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo was credited with the discovery of the Santa Barbara Channel during an exploratory voyage in October 1542, in which he claimed the land in the name of the Spanish king.

It was the first European settlement in the Santa Ynez Valley.